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There are those individuals who are of the view that the environment should take precedence over any proposed economic developmental projects because of its necessity to human survival. On the other hand, there are those who believe it should be the other way around, because if a country is not economically feasible, then it won't be able to survive and protect its environment. The controversial issue or question at hand is whether environmental concerns should outweigh economic advantages when approval is being considered for projects in developing countries? There are those that believe that developing countries are too weak economically to comply with environmental concerns. Therefore, they believe that proposed economic development projects should take precedence over the environment. Economist, Ronald Mason (2014) in his article titled 'Screeching Environmentalists' "believes that developing countries are plagued by rampant poverty, and as such do not have the resources for their people to be able to prosper while protecting the environment" (p.A9). To validate his claim he described a poverty stricken situation in which he witnessed, after he was taken to the slums of Kingston by a past employee of the Kingston Harbour. According to Mason (2014), what brought tears to his eyes was the living conditions, " zinc sheets tattered and rusty, pans filled with dirt for bed posts, pallet boards nailed for bed frame and bags stuffed with grass for mattress on a dirt floor"(p.A9). It is because of poverty stricken situations like this why Mr. Mason is taking the stance that developing countries cannot afford to miss out on economic investments because of the low standard of living that exists. This view has particular merit within this context, because if the proposed economic investment is going to provide jobs for citizens, then it should be at the forefront as these jobs would reduce poverty, unemployment rates and even raise government revenue. Another economist, David Stern (1995) posits that the best way to protect the environment is for a country to develop. According to the Kuznets Curve Theorem, "as a country develops its level of development and the pressure it puts on the environment form an upside down hyperbolic function" (p.1151). He went on further by stating that "at first it will cause damage to the environment as it develops, but then after it reaches a certain point where it is economically, politically and technologically advanced enough it begins to repair the damage it did, and then is able to sustain itself from that point onward without damage to the environment" (p.1151). This makes sense because if a country is extremely underdeveloped and poor then it won't be able to take care of the space in which it occupies; that being the environment. It is not up for discussion of whether the economy should take precedence over the environment as Miss Antheo Jackson makes it clear in her article titled 'Logistics hub: economic development or dependence', that this should be the case. However, what she is positing is that "in order for these proposed development projects to really benefit developing countries there should be proper assessment with regards to the nature and characteristics of the development projects. The process should be handled efficiently so that it is not the less dependent country that would benefit thus making the developing country economically dependent" (Jackson, 2014, p. F10). She uses Singapore as her example as she alluded that "an important aspect of a strategy for economic expansion by port development like that in Singapore is that the institutional arrangements promote the required education and training to engage local expertise in all levels of production and decision making" (Jackson, 2014,p. F10). This is totally understandable because it makes no sense that proposed economic development projects that should benefit the development country will end up being detrimental instead of beneficial because of mismanagement. On the other hand, there are those that argue that it's the environment that should take priority over any proposed economic development project. I believe that it is essential for the environment to take preference over any proposed economic development projects because without the proper managing and nurturing of the environment then it's going to have all kinds of dire consequences not just on the physical environment but also for all inhabitants that occupy its space. Those lobbying for economic projects getting have been holding on to the argument that these proposed economic development projects are going to provide jobs. This is an extremely valid point, but the environment too can generate income. According to Environmentalists, McLauren and Wilson (2013), "income can be generated from GGI and its surrounding environment through ecotourism and from the REDD programme (reducing emissions from deforestation and environmental degradation)" (p. A5). Recently, a representative from the United Nations Development Programme stated that Jamaica "has the potential for substantial hard-currency earning by implementing a United Nations special programme aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions". He went on to state, "It is predicted that financial flows for (implementing) greenhouse gas emission reductions (activities) from REDD, could reach up to US$30 billion" (McLauren & Wilson, 2013, p. A5). In the words of Frank Roosevelt (1937) "A nation that destroys its soil destroys itself" (Letter to all state Governors on a Uniform Soil Conservation Law, February 26). Environmentalists, Peter Espeut agrees as he believes that it is extremely important to manage the environment efficiently and adequately. He posits that "if not the island is going to be extremely vulnerable to climate change effects such as storm surges, water intrusion and high sea levels" (Espeut, 2014, p. F7). This is valid in the context where there is environment is at dire risk because of the proposed development projects. This means that there is a higher chance of thousands of lives being lost and irreparable damage to infrastructure. The issue of Sustainable development also comes into sharp focus. "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs" (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1113). It is because of Sustainable development why Hammill & Matthew (1944), believes that the environment should be of utter importance over the promotion of development. They argue that "unless the world embraced and operationalized sustainable development, it would risk being overwhelmed by a series of interlocking crises related to population growth, urbanization, poverty and environmental degradation which would in turn hurt humanity"(p. 140). Therefore what this means is that if even though the proposed economic projects will benefit the country now it will adversely affect it in the long term. I believe that it is essential for the environment to take preference over proposed economic development projects but if these economic development projects can lead to a reduction in poverty and hunger while managing the environment in a sustainable and efficient way there can be a room for balancing between the two. This is necessary as both have a pivotal role to play in the sustainability of humanity.
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The Issue of the Preservation/Protection of the Environment
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The Issue Of The Preservation/Protection Of The Environment

Words: 1158    Pages: 4    Paragraphs: 12    Sentences: 50    Read Time: 04:12
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              There are those individuals who are of the view that the environment should take precedence over any proposed economic developmental projects because of its necessity to human survival. On the other hand, there are those who believe it should be the other way around, because if a country is not economically feasible, then it won't be able to survive and protect its environment. The controversial issue or question at hand is whether environmental concerns should outweigh economic advantages when approval is being considered for projects in developing countries?
              There are those that believe that developing countries are too weak economically to comply with environmental concerns. Therefore, they believe that proposed economic development projects should take precedence over the environment. Economist, Ronald Mason (2014) in his article titled 'Screeching Environmentalists' "believes that developing countries are plagued by rampant poverty, and as such do not have the resources for their people to be able to prosper while protecting the environment" (p. A9).
              To validate his claim he described a poverty stricken situation in which he witnessed, after he was taken to the slums of Kingston by a past employee of the Kingston Harbour. According to Mason (2014), what brought tears to his eyes was the living conditions, " zinc sheets tattered and rusty, pans filled with dirt for bed posts, pallet boards nailed for bed frame and bags stuffed with grass for mattress on a dirt floor"(p. A9).
             
              It is because of poverty stricken situations like this why Mr. Mason is taking the stance that developing countries cannot afford to miss out on economic investments because of the low standard of living that exists. This view has particular merit within this context, because if the proposed economic investment is going to provide jobs for citizens, then it should be at the forefront as these jobs would reduce poverty, unemployment rates and even raise government revenue. Another economist, David Stern (1995) posits that the best way to protect the environment is for a country to develop. According to the Kuznets Curve Theorem, "as a country develops its level of development and the pressure it puts on the environment form an upside down hyperbolic function" (p. 1151).
              He went on further by stating that "at first it will cause damage to the environment as it develops, but then after it reaches a certain point where it is economically, politically and technologically advanced enough it begins to repair the damage it did, and then is able to sustain itself from that point onward without damage to the environment" (p. 1151).
              This makes sense because if a country is extremely underdeveloped and poor then it won't be able to take care of the space in which it occupies; that being the environment.
             
              It is not up for discussion of whether the economy should take precedence over the environment as Miss Antheo Jackson makes it clear in her article titled 'Logistics hub: economic development or dependence', that this should be the case. However, what she is positing is that "in order for these proposed development projects to really benefit developing countries there should be proper assessment with regards to the nature and characteristics of the development projects. The process should be handled efficiently so that it is not the less dependent country that would benefit thus making the developing country economically dependent" (Jackson, 2014, p. F10).
              She uses Singapore as her example as she alluded that "an important aspect of a strategy for economic expansion by port development like that in Singapore is that the institutional arrangements promote the required education and training to engage local expertise in all levels of production and decision making" (Jackson, 2014,p. F10). This is totally understandable because it makes no sense that proposed economic development projects that should benefit the development country will end up being detrimental instead of beneficial because of mismanagement.
             
              On the other hand, there are those that argue that it's the environment that should take priority over any proposed economic development project. I believe that it is essential for the environment to take preference over any proposed economic development projects because without the proper managing and nurturing of the environment then it's going to have all kinds of dire consequences not just on the physical environment but also for all inhabitants that occupy its space. Those lobbying for economic projects getting have been holding on to the argument that these proposed economic development projects are going to provide jobs. This is an extremely valid point, but the environment too can generate income. According to Environmentalists, McLauren and Wilson (2013), "income can be generated from GGI and its surrounding environment through ecotourism and from the REDD programme (reducing emissions from deforestation and environmental degradation)" (p. A5).
             
              Recently, a representative from the United Nations Development Programme stated that Jamaica "has the potential for substantial hard-currency earning by implementing a United Nations special programme aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions". He went on to state, "It is predicted that financial flows for (implementing) greenhouse gas emission reductions (activities) from REDD, could reach up to US$30 billion" (McLauren & Wilson, 2013, p. A5). In the words of Frank Roosevelt (1937) "A nation that destroys its soil destroys itself" (Letter to all state Governors on a Uniform Soil Conservation Law, February 26). Environmentalists, Peter Espeut agrees as he believes that it is extremely important to manage the environment efficiently and adequately. He posits that "if not the island is going to be extremely vulnerable to climate change effects such as storm surges, water intrusion and high sea levels" (Espeut, 2014, p. F7). This is valid in the context where there is environment is at dire risk because of the proposed development projects. This means that there is a higher chance of thousands of lives being lost and irreparable damage to infrastructure.
             
              The issue of Sustainable development also comes into sharp focus. "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs" (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1113). It is because of Sustainable development why Hammill & Matthew (1944), believes that the environment should be of utter importance over the promotion of development. They argue that "unless the world embraced and operationalized sustainable development, it would risk being overwhelmed by a series of interlocking crises related to population growth, urbanization, poverty and environmental degradation which would in turn hurt humanity"(p. 140). Therefore what this means is that if even though the proposed economic projects will benefit the country now it will adversely affect it in the long term.
             
              I believe that it is essential for the environment to take preference over proposed economic development projects but if these economic development projects can lead to a reduction in poverty and hunger while managing the environment in a sustainable and efficient way there can be a room for balancing between the two. This is necessary as both have a pivotal role to play in the sustainability of humanity.
Environment Essay 
+1
1. Cummings. (2013, November 10). Climate change, Goat Islands...and a few lizards. The Sunday Gleaner, pp. F9.
2. Espeut. (2014,January 5). It's going to be a tough year. The Sunday Gleaner, pp. F7.
3. Hammill, A., & Matthew, R. (2009). Sustainable Development and Climate Change. Royal Institute of International Affairs, 85 (6), 1117-1128.
4. Jackson, A. (2014, March 2). Logistics hub: economic development or dependence. The Sunday Gleaner, pp. F10.
5. Mason, R. (2014, March 2).Screeching Environmentalists. The Sunday Gleaner, pp. A9.
McLauren, K. & Wilson, B. (2013, August 20). Should the Environment lose every time? The Jamaica Gleaner, pp. A5.
5. Stern, D. (1996). Economic Growth and Environmental Degradation: The Environment Kuznets Curve and Sustainable Development. World Development, 24 (7), 1115-11160.
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