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In the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia, there is one unordinary thing. A brain was kept for several years for studies and further research. scientist is finding how the person whom the brain belonged is a genius comparing to other who with his intelligence made the scientific world upside down and laid foundation to most of the important findings today. This is none other than Albert Einstein who was considered the most influential scientist in the 20th century. He who inspired a lot of people and supported that every man should be respected. He was one of the greatest and amazing scientists in the world. He experienced a pleasing childhood but faced a difficult education situation and developed a questioning mind during his early years. He successfully dealt with family, professional and religious challenges. He also impacted the scientific world in a number of ways. Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, W?rttemberg Germany in a middle class Jewish family as the first child of Hermann Einstein, a successful entrepreneur and Pauline Einstein. Both of his parents had a long established family roots in southern Germany. After Einstein's birth his family moved to Munich where his father along with his Uncle founded Elektrotechnische Fab& Cie, a company for the manufacturing of electrical equipments. Einstein's sister Maja was born one year after their arrival in Munich He was sent to Catholic school at first and then to Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich.Eventhouht he had a pleasing childhood, He was a poor student and had trouble speaking leading everyone to think him as retarded. He also struggled with Prussian education but at the same time was interest in math and science. Both his parents taught Einstein to be self-reliance that helped him to choose his own decisions, leading h to teach himself geometry in the age of twelve. Young Einstein was introduction to higher math and science was done by Max Talmud, a poor medical student who was helped by Einsteins. This was a turning point to young Einstein and later helped him to publish his first scientist paper at the age of sixteen. When Hermann Einstein's business failed in 1894, all the family except for Albert, who was left in a boarding school to finish his studies, moved to Italy. Due to fear, aloneness and miserable, he left gymnasium and decided to go to his parents. But the fact how he took a leave is unknown. Some of his biographies says he used a doctor's note saying about a nervous breakdown while others say since because of his questioning about existing laws of science and math he was expelled from there. His parents were both concerned about him but young Albert had great plans in his mind. The hatred to his native country led him to give up his German citizenship. Eventhought he didn't went to school, his mind was calm and relaxing and even tried to self educate higher himself mathematics. In 1895, without having a high school diploma he applied to Swiss federal institute of technology but failed the entrance exam. To prepare he enrolled in a high school and made rapid progress. After his graduation in 1899 at the age of 16, he took a second entrance exam .His hard work come to a success when he passed the entrance exam and was admitted there. He thought that his independent believes would be admitted in collages but didn't go well like he thought it will be. He started questioning existing laws and found lectures intolerable .He attended class irregularly and most of the time found reading about the works of others scientist. This developed his interest in physics. During this time, he met a lot of people including his future wife Mileva Maric. Einstein faced a lot of crisis after graduating from polytechnic institution on 1900. As he graduated with a teaching degree, he was not able to find a teaching job. Moreover the dislike of his instructors made his life more miserable. One incident say when Heninrich Webster, at Einstein request wrote a letter of recommendation that eventually lead him to turn out every academic position that he applied after graduation. His crisis continued as he fall in love with Maric, despite his parent's opposition because of her religious background. Einstein continued to meet her. The couple soon had a girl child in 1902 who was either given for adoption or died of fever. His struggled continued for finding a job. His father's business failed again which led him t work as a tutor in a school in 1901. During the same year he published his first scientific paper, "Consequences of capillary phenomena". Accruing the Swiss Citizenship, he moved to Bern and under the direction of Marcel Grossman, friend of his father, he applied for the Swiss Patent Office. With the blessings of his father, who went ill and died soon, he get married to Maric on January 6, 1903. The couple was blessed with two sons Hans Albert and Edward Albert. The seven years Einstein spends in the patent office is considered to be a "miracle year". He was able to spend a lot of time in research. He evaluated and researched proposed inventions in his own way. In 1905, he submitted four papers for his doctorate. The four papers that changed world's current views about physics. His first paper was about Brownian movement, which is considered as the first direct experimental evidence of the existence of molecules. He hypothesized from the theory first observed by a Scottish botanist Robert Brown on 1827.Einstein derived the relative speed and distance travelled by the particle using a mathematical formulas which was later confirmed in 1872 by French Physician Jean Baptiste Perrin. In the same year, he studied the work of Heinrich Hertz "on a heuristic viewpoint concerning the production and transformation of light". He hypotheses that the energy of a light quantum "is determined by its wavelength" or called the photoelectric effect. His hypothesis was later conformed and now is the foundation for many fields of quantitative photoelectric chemistry and quantum mechanics. This finding surprised the scientific world and honored him by giving Nobel Prize in physics on 1921 which he finally gave to his first wife after they get divorced. He also proposed the theory of relativity, which discussed "the relation between measurements made by observers in two separate systems moving at a constant velocity with respect to each other"(Albert Einstein." DISCovering Biography). But he faced many problems with it. Many other scientists before him already found many of his questions and moreover Einstein's paper was revolutionary because it opposed many of the other findings. In addition to this, He also proposed two more papers on which he derived his famous equation E=mc2stating the relationship between mass and energy, which laid foundation to the nuclear power. His last paper "A new determination of molecular dimensions" which he used to get his doctorate he was awarded PhD in 1905. Fame does not come after he first submitted his papers, more over it was rejected but a second application three years later was accepted. In 1908 he was appointed Privatdozent in Brene later he become professor extraordinary. In 1911 he become professor of theoretical and in 1914 appointed at the Kaiser Wilhelm physical institute which he held to 1933. He formulates his general theory of relativity in 1915. By modifying his theory of relativity he proved that he was right He replaced the Newton theories which were considered for two centuries. His hard work paid off when he found that the light would be shifted to a longer wavelength in the presence of a strong gravitational field, which came to know as the Einstein shift. Even thought professionally successful, his family life was a failure. As a physicist, it is believed that Maric had greatly contributed to her husband's work. Most of his biographies show a controversy over this matter. In one of his biographies, Philipp Frank writes "For Einstein's life with her was not always a source of peace and happiness. When he wanted to discuss with her ideas, which came to him in great abundance, her response was so slight that he was often unable to decide whether or not she was interest"(Albert Einstein." DISCovering Biography). When Einstein turned more to his career, his relationship with his wife broke .With the starting of World War I, his wife and two children moved to Z?rich and never came back. In 1919, they were formally divorced. He later married his cousin Elsa, a widow with two daughters herself, who looked after him when he was ill. As a pacifist, Einstein strongly opposed both World War I and World war II and was greatly involved in political issue With the rise of Hitler his position becomes difficult. Although he had a German citizenship, his ideas were criticized by Nazis He often described the life of Germany difficult. "There is terrible misery and hunger in the city. The infant mortality is horrendous. The government has become totally powerless, while the true power fight each other the army, money, and groups of socialist extremists" ("Einstein's Revolution).He also had connections with other famous people including Bohr, and Gandhi. Living in Germany, as a Jew, was hard for him so he decided to leave Germany for ever in 1932. Before leaving Einstein said to Elsa, "Turn around. You will never see it again'' ("Einstein's Revolution).As he said they never returned. After coming to United States, he was accepted at the institute for advanced studies in Princeton, New Jersey. He spent his rest of life working there. He also was a speaker and a writer with his main idea about making peace. His crisis continued when his beloved wife Elsa died on December 1936 due to heart and kidney problems. The growing terror of World War 2 and the fear that Germany would build an atomic bomb, made him ironically sign a letter to American president Roosevelt by physicist Leo Szilard about the information of atomic bomb. This eventually leads to the formation of the Manhattan Project, which is the construction of first nuclear weapons. Even thought Einstein's formula E=mc2 was used for the construction of atomic bomb, Einstein didn't directly attend it. He considered it wrong although he renounced his German citizenship and received his American citizenship in 1940. When his ideas were used for destruction, he was greatly affected by the attack on Japan and so he made this statement: The time has come know, when man must gave up war. It is no longer rational to solve international problems by resorting to war. Now that an atomic bomb exploded at. Hiroshima and Nagasaki can destroy a city, kill all the people...a small city the size of Minneapolis...that we must now make use of man's powers of reason, in order...dispute between nations. In accordance with the principle of justice...international laws, strengthen the United States, and ...peace in the world from now on. (The Nobel Peace Prize 1962 - Presentation Speech) Thus he became a strong supporter of nuclear disarmament. He was so famous that after the death of the first president of Israel, Einstein was invited to successes his position but he declined it. All he wanted was to be a man of value not to be famous. He also received a lot of honors including the Copley medal of the royal society, the gold medal of the royal astronomical society and lots more. In the last decades of his life, he mostly withdrawn from public and was leading a quite life with close associates. On April 17, 1955 he suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm and external bleeding. He was admitted to a University Medical Center at Princeton but refused surgery. He believed that he had done everything. "I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly" (Albert Einstein Biography." Bio.com) The next morning on April 18, 1955 the great scientist at the age of 76 passed away from the world leaving his memories and ideas behind. Einstein is definitely one of the influential scientists in 20th century. He is my favorite because of many reasons. First, he is simple. His life is a perfect example for me. He was a great scientist but this doesn't mean that he was a great student. This shows me that even if you are not a child prodigy you can still hope for the best. He also cares about others and asked to be respected. In his book "The world as I see it", he ask the world to respect everyone, attracting me more towards his personality. Even if he faced lots of challenges in his life he used it to make his and others life better. Moreover his determination to do his believes and not to go back even if rejected is a good example for me. As a student, a daughter, and a citizen of the world, I usually step back to present my own beliefs about something. From his life, I learned that everything in the world have a purpose. If Einstein was created for this, then each of us including me has a purpose. This motivation given by him helps me to travel to my dreams and succeed it. As he said, all have a scent in them and all we have to do is to realize it. His crisis continued even after his death. Many scientists try to prove that he is wrong. But the determination, research for proving him right, admiration of others and his self respect which he put back after his death leads me to call him nothing more but a genius.
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Albert Einstein: Pure Genius
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Albert Einstein: Pure Genius

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              In the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia, there is one unordinary thing. A brain was kept for several years for studies and further research. scientist is finding how the person whom the brain belonged is a genius comparing to other who with his intelligence made the scientific world upside down and laid foundation to most of the important findings today. This is none other than Albert Einstein who was considered the most influential scientist in the 20th century. He who inspired a lot of people and supported that every man should be respected. He was one of the greatest and amazing scientists in the world. He experienced a pleasing childhood but faced a difficult education situation and developed a questioning mind during his early years. He successfully dealt with family, professional and religious challenges. He also impacted the scientific world in a number of ways.
             
              Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, W? rttemberg Germany in a middle class Jewish family as the first child of Hermann Einstein, a successful entrepreneur and Pauline Einstein. Both of his parents had a long established family roots in southern Germany. After Einstein's birth his family moved to Munich where his father along with his Uncle founded Elektrotechnische Fab& Cie, a company for the manufacturing of electrical equipments. Einstein's sister Maja was born one year after their arrival in Munich He was sent to Catholic school at first and then to Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich. Eventhouht he had a pleasing childhood, He was a poor student and had trouble speaking leading everyone to think him as retarded. He also struggled with Prussian education but at the same time was interest in math and science. Both his parents taught Einstein to be self-reliance that helped him to choose his own decisions, leading h to teach himself geometry in the age of twelve. Young Einstein was introduction to higher math and science was done by Max Talmud, a poor medical student who was helped by Einsteins. This was a turning point to young Einstein and later helped him to publish his first scientist paper at the age of sixteen.
             
              When Hermann Einstein's business failed in 1894, all the family except for Albert, who was left in a boarding school to finish his studies, moved to Italy. Due to fear, aloneness and miserable, he left gymnasium and decided to go to his parents. But the fact how he took a leave is unknown. Some of his biographies says he used a doctor's note saying about a nervous breakdown while others say since because of his questioning about existing laws of science and math he was expelled from there. His parents were both concerned about him but young Albert had great plans in his mind. The hatred to his native country led him to give up his German citizenship. Eventhought he didn't went to school, his mind was calm and relaxing and even tried to self educate higher himself mathematics. In 1895, without having a high school diploma he applied to Swiss federal institute of technology but failed the entrance exam. To prepare he enrolled in a high school and made rapid progress. After his graduation in 1899 at the age of 16, he took a second entrance exam . His hard work come to a success when he passed the entrance exam and was admitted there. He thought that his independent believes would be admitted in collages but didn't go well like he thought it will be. He started questioning existing laws and found lectures intolerable . He attended class irregularly and most of the time found reading about the works of others scientist. This developed his interest in physics. During this time, he met a lot of people including his future wife Mileva Maric. Einstein faced a lot of crisis after graduating from polytechnic institution on 1900. As he graduated with a teaching degree, he was not able to find a teaching job. Moreover the dislike of his instructors made his life more miserable. One incident say when Heninrich Webster, at Einstein request wrote a letter of recommendation that eventually lead him to turn out every academic position that he applied after graduation. His crisis continued as he fall in love with Maric, despite his parent's opposition because of her religious background. Einstein continued to meet her. The couple soon had a girl child in 1902 who was either given for adoption or died of fever. His struggled continued for finding a job. His father's business failed again which led him t work as a tutor in a school in 1901. During the same year he published his first scientific paper, "Consequences of capillary phenomena". Accruing the Swiss Citizenship, he moved to Bern and under the direction of Marcel Grossman, friend of his father, he applied for the Swiss Patent Office. With the blessings of his father, who went ill and died soon, he get married to Maric on January 6, 1903. The couple was blessed with two sons Hans Albert and Edward Albert.
             
              The seven years Einstein spends in the patent office is considered to be a "miracle year". He was able to spend a lot of time in research. He evaluated and researched proposed inventions in his own way. In 1905, he submitted four papers for his doctorate. The four papers that changed world's current views about physics. His first paper was about Brownian movement, which is considered as the first direct experimental evidence of the existence of molecules. He hypothesized from the theory first observed by a Scottish botanist Robert Brown on 1827. Einstein derived the relative speed and distance travelled by the particle using a mathematical formulas which was later confirmed in 1872 by French Physician Jean Baptiste Perrin.
             
              In the same year, he studied the work of Heinrich Hertz "on a heuristic viewpoint concerning the production and transformation of light". He hypotheses that the energy of a light quantum "is determined by its wavelength" or called the photoelectric effect. His hypothesis was later conformed and now is the foundation for many fields of quantitative photoelectric chemistry and quantum mechanics. This finding surprised the scientific world and honored him by giving Nobel Prize in physics on 1921 which he finally gave to his first wife after they get divorced. He also proposed the theory of relativity, which discussed "the relation between measurements made by observers in two separate systems moving at a constant velocity with respect to each other"(Albert Einstein. " DISCovering Biography). But he faced many problems with it. Many other scientists before him already found many of his questions and moreover Einstein's paper was revolutionary because it opposed many of the other findings. In addition to this, He also proposed two more papers on which he derived his famous equation E=mc2stating the relationship between mass and energy, which laid foundation to the nuclear power. His last paper "A new determination of molecular dimensions" which he used to get his doctorate he was awarded PhD in 1905.
             
              Fame does not come after he first submitted his papers, more over it was rejected but a second application three years later was accepted. In 1908 he was appointed Privatdozent in Brene later he become professor extraordinary. In 1911 he become professor of theoretical and in 1914 appointed at the Kaiser Wilhelm physical institute which he held to 1933.
             
              He formulates his general theory of relativity in 1915. By modifying his theory of relativity he proved that he was right He replaced the Newton theories which were considered for two centuries. His hard work paid off when he found that the light would be shifted to a longer wavelength in the presence of a strong gravitational field, which came to know as the Einstein shift.
             
              Even thought professionally successful, his family life was a failure. As a physicist, it is believed that Maric had greatly contributed to her husband's work. Most of his biographies show a controversy over this matter. In one of his biographies, Philipp Frank writes "For Einstein's life with her was not always a source of peace and happiness. When he wanted to discuss with her ideas, which came to him in great abundance, her response was so slight that he was often unable to decide whether or not she was interest"(Albert Einstein. " DISCovering Biography). When Einstein turned more to his career, his relationship with his wife broke . With the starting of World War I, his wife and two children moved to Z? rich and never came back. In 1919, they were formally divorced. He later married his cousin Elsa, a widow with two daughters herself, who looked after him when he was ill. As a pacifist, Einstein strongly opposed both World War I and World war II and was greatly involved in political issue With the rise of Hitler his position becomes difficult. Although he had a German citizenship, his ideas were criticized by Nazis He often described the life of Germany difficult. "There is terrible misery and hunger in the city. The infant mortality is horrendous. The government has become totally powerless, while the true power fight each other the army, money, and groups of socialist extremists" ("Einstein's Revolution). He also had connections with other famous people including Bohr, and Gandhi. Living in Germany, as a Jew, was hard for him so he decided to leave Germany for ever in 1932. Before leaving Einstein said to Elsa, "Turn around. You will never see it again'' ("Einstein's Revolution). As he said they never returned.
             
              After coming to United States, he was accepted at the institute for advanced studies in Princeton, New Jersey. He spent his rest of life working there. He also was a speaker and a writer with his main idea about making peace. His crisis continued when his beloved wife Elsa died on December 1936 due to heart and kidney problems. The growing terror of World War 2 and the fear that Germany would build an atomic bomb, made him ironically sign a letter to American president Roosevelt by physicist Leo Szilard about the information of atomic bomb. This eventually leads to the formation of the Manhattan Project, which is the construction of first nuclear weapons. Even thought Einstein's formula E=mc2 was used for the construction of atomic bomb, Einstein didn't directly attend it. He considered it wrong although he renounced his German citizenship and received his American citizenship in 1940. When his ideas were used for destruction, he was greatly affected by the attack on Japan and so he made this statement:
             
              The time has come know, when man must gave up war. It is no longer rational to solve international problems by resorting to war. Now that an atomic bomb exploded at. Hiroshima and Nagasaki can destroy a city, kill all the people. . . a small city the size of Minneapolis. . . that we must now make use of man's powers of reason, in order. . . dispute between nations. In accordance with the principle of justice. . . international laws, strengthen the United States, and . . . peace in the world from now on. (The Nobel Peace Prize 1962 - Presentation Speech)
              Thus he became a strong supporter of nuclear disarmament. He was so famous that after the death of the first president of Israel, Einstein was invited to successes his position but he declined it. All he wanted was to be a man of value not to be famous. He also received a lot of honors including the Copley medal of the royal society, the gold medal of the royal astronomical society and lots more. In the last decades of his life, he mostly withdrawn from public and was leading a quite life with close associates. On April 17, 1955 he suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm and external bleeding. He was admitted to a University Medical Center at Princeton but refused surgery. He believed that he had done everything. "I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly" (Albert Einstein Biography. " Bio. com) The next morning on April 18, 1955 the great scientist at the age of 76 passed away from the world leaving his memories and ideas behind.
             
              Einstein is definitely one of the influential scientists in 20th century. He is my favorite because of many reasons. First, he is simple. His life is a perfect example for me. He was a great scientist but this doesn't mean that he was a great student. This shows me that even if you are not a child prodigy you can still hope for the best. He also cares about others and asked to be respected. In his book "The world as I see it", he ask the world to respect everyone, attracting me more towards his personality. Even if he faced lots of challenges in his life he used it to make his and others life better.
             
              Moreover his determination to do his believes and not to go back even if rejected is a good example for me. As a student, a daughter, and a citizen of the world, I usually step back to present my own beliefs about something. From his life, I learned that everything in the world have a purpose. If Einstein was created for this, then each of us including me has a purpose. This motivation given by him helps me to travel to my dreams and succeed it. As he said, all have a scent in them and all we have to do is to realize it. His crisis continued even after his death. Many scientists try to prove that he is wrong. But the determination, research for proving him right, admiration of others and his self respect which he put back after his death leads me to call him nothing more but a genius.
Albert Einstein Essay 
Works Cited
"Albert Einstein - Biographical." Albert Einstein - Biographical. N.p., 2013. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.
"Albert Einstein Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.
"Albert Einstein." DISCovering Biography. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resources in Context. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.
Albert Einstein." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Student Resources in Context. Web. 11 Dec. 2013
Albert Einstein." Math & Mathematicians: The History of Math Discoveries Around the World. Gale, 2008. Student Resources in Context. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.
"Albert Einstein." Scientists: Their Lives and Works. Gale, 2006. Student Resources in Context. Web. 13 Dec. 2013.
"Einstein's Revolution." AMNH. N.p., 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
Lowen, Rebecca. "Dear Mr. President." Cobblestone Apr. 2013: 8+. Student Resources in Context. Web. 13 Dec. 2013.
Overbye, Dennis. "Einstein and the Black Hole." New York Times 13 Aug. 2013: D1(L). Student Resources in Context. Web. 13 Dec. 2013.
PBS. PBS, 2006. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
"Sounds - Nobel Laureates." Sounds - Nobel Laureates. N.p., 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
Travelling through Time with Einstein - Worth Every Star... and a Comet or Two." Age [Melbourne, Australia] 2 Aug. 2013: 32. Student Resources in Context. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
The Nobel Peace Prize 1962 - Presentation Speech". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 11 Feb 2014.
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