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Travel is an effective way to experience other nations and their cultures. Open minded traveling allows people to immerse themselves in the culture of foreign nations. But, there are some forms of travel that revolve around a different mindset, a mindset in which the goal is to impose your culture on another's culture. Examples of this negative imperialist type of travel are the travels of exploration done by Christopher Columbus' in the Americas and, American soldiers in Vietnam, depicted in Francis Coopla's film "The Apocalypse Now: Redux." The negative effects of other forms of travel include the travels of migration to London by Caribbean's in Sam Selvon's The Lonely Londoners. Through travel you are provided with means to learn about a nation and to engage in foreign cultures firsthand nevertheless, some forms of travel are unconstructive towards the learning process. In letters written by Christopher Columbus, his accounts of the exploration of the Americas showed how travel can be negative. Columbus wrote to Argon sovereigns, Santangel and Sanchez, about his time in the Americas. Their only source of information about the nation and its culture came from Columbus' narratives and stereotypes. His letters flirted with the truth; it seemed Columbus' intentions were to make the people of the Americas appear inferior and to make conquering them sound like an easy task. Throughout his letters Columbus shows a lack of respect for the people of the Americas and their culture. In the quote, "I found innumerable people and very many islands, of which I took possession in Your Highnesses' name," Columbus neglects the fact that the islands were already inhabited by the people of the Americas. (Zamora, 3). Columbus is a good example of how some travelers do not respect the people of a nation they are visiting. Towards the end of his letter Columbus comments on a specific group of people he meets, "[T]hese of Caribe are brave, but I think the same of them as of the rest. And when Your Highness give the order for me to send slaves, I hope to bring or send [you] these for the most part," (Zamora, 8). Columbus groups all the people of the Americas together. This showed his complete disregard for the many different cultures that thrived in the Americas; Coluimbus is suggesting that the difference between the groups is insignificant. Cultural identity is an important aspect of a nation. To consider different cultures to be the same is undermining the people of the Americas ways of life. Columbus also took the idea of being a slave and attaches his own stereotype, that good slaves were brave. The quote alludes to the idea that the "Caribes", who are seen as brave in the eyes of the other people in the Americas, are worthy of merely good slaves, which is degrading. Christopher Columbus' letters about his travels of exploration lead people to believe that the Americas were the gateway to success. He letters focused on using narratives and stereotypes to encourage his benefactors into sponsoring him. However in the end, Columbus' travels of exploration were negative because he failed to tell the true stories behind the nations and cultures in the Americas. In addition, travel in the form of exploration is also shown in a dark light in the film "Apocalypse Now: Redux" by Frances Coppola. The film is based on the book The Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. The film follows the same story line as the book except for the different names for some main characters, and the incorporation of the Vietnam War. The book is about a man named Marlow, known as Captain Willard in the film, and his journey to find and return a man by the name of Kurtz. Kurtz has been in Africa for a long period of time and is said to have been affected by the "darkness" within Africa. In other words, Kurtz had not successfully integrated into the new surroundings and new culture. In the beginning, Captain Willard is assigned to return to Vietnam in order to explore the disappearance of and Green Beret Kurtz, who has abandoned his post and joined the Vietnamese. The film suggests that the United States Army felt like Kurtz had become a liability, and they needed Willard to assassinate him. Once Willard arrives in Vietnam he is given a group of cadets who have yet to experience the culture of Vietnam or war. As the movie progresses the cadets change significantly. The go from soldiers eager to experience a new culture to, paranoid men who begin to hold a grudge against Vietnam and the Vietnamese culture. It seems as though the soldiers associated their war experience with Vietnam and the Vietnamese culture. Their negative outlook on travel could have been linked to their bad experience. As for Kurtz he is a good example of how the integration of two cultures that are so different from each other can cause a person under severe circumstances to combine them and create a dangerous culture of his own. In the film the American army provided Kurtz with the knowledge to kill and the need for discipline while the Vietnamese were portrayed in the movie as savages. Kurtz incorporates aspects from both cultures and becomes God of a local tribe that participates in mass killings. When travel and military are put together soldiers might begin to associate travel with war. Travel will also be negative in the form of exploration when the traveler feels an obligation to be loyal to one nation and one culture. Because of this type of ideology does not allow the travel to be open-minded about a nation and its culture and experience travel in a positive way. Also, in the Lonely Londoners by Sam Selvon travel in a different form, migration can be negative when your race becomes an indicator of how you will be treated in a new nation. The book is about Black Caribbean's new lives after they migrate to London in search of better jobs after hearing of the opportunities in London. Galahad, a newly located Caribbean, brings up an issue when he says, "The Pole who have the restaurant, he ain't have no more right in this country than we. In fact, we is British subjects and he is only a foreigner," (Selvon, 40). A question that surfaces due to migration is who is the foreigner? When using the definition for foreigner as someone who is not white and British, Galahad and the Polish man both do not meet the criteria to be British. Travel in the form of migration can cause race to become part of a nations culture. In the Lonely Londoners the British citizens are known as white. This in turn does not allow Galahad and other Caribbeans to easily assimilate into the nation. Referring back to the beginning of the book a quote says , "When Moses sit down and pay his fare he take out a white handkerchief and blow his nose. The handkerchief turn black-" (Selvon ,23). The handkerchief represents Britain and its white 'pure' population before the migration and the handkerchief turning black is symbolism for the contamination of the population by the migration of the Caribbeans. Travel in the form of migration can cause a nation to define its culture with a race, a characteristic of culture that is bound to cause turmoil. There are situations in which tourism can be a positive form of travel. Experiencing culture of a different nation can help you come to realizations about yourself, as Stella does is How Stella Got Her Groove Back. Stella is a woman in her forties who has spent most of her life putting the needs of others first. In a spontaneous trip to Jamaica Stella learns to view life from a different perspective. Major contributors to Stella's new outlook on life are the culture of Jamaicans and Winston, a man whom she has a fling with. When Stella goes horseback riding through Jamaica she is in shock when she sees the homes of the Jamaicans for the first time. Stella says, "I begin to see these tiny little square structures that look like shacks.-I am in disbelief because it does not look like more than one person could actually fit inside some of these shacks-I am trying not to pass judgment, " (McMillan, 104,105). Stella goes on to compare the homes of the Jamaicans to the clubhouses her son Quincy and his friends build. To Stella the shacks are inadequate structures to call a home. But to the Jamaicans the shacks are a part of their livelihood. This is an example of how tourism helped to open Stella's eyes to Jamaican culture. Stella is reminded that the place often advertised as an escape is located right next to an area that people call home. By involving yourself in tourist options outside of the walls of your hotel you give yourself the opportunity to learn more about the culture of the nation you are visiting. Tourism is a form of travel that has the potential to teach people a lot about the cultures of other nations but, a lot of responsibility is put upon travelers in hopes that they do not allow their own way of life to clog their minds. In the end, people will continue to travel but, as long they allow narratives and misconceptions to be a part of their trips nations and their cultures will continue to be misrepresented. The negative aspects of travel are found in Columbus 'exploration of the Americas, the conquest of Vietnam in the film The Apocalypse Now: Redux, Caribbean's migration to London in The Lonely Londoners. But if travelers became more self aware perhaps more trips would be like self-defining like Stella's in How Stella Got Her Groove Back. Travel is an essential part of our lives and it will only be a positive part if we allow ourselves and our minds to be open to other nations and their cultures.
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The Role of Travel
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The Role Of Travel

Words: 1680    Pages: 6    Paragraphs: 19    Sentences: 77    Read Time: 06:06
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              Travel is an effective way to experience other nations and their cultures. Open minded traveling allows people to immerse themselves in the culture of foreign nations. But, there are some forms of travel that revolve around a different mindset, a mindset in which the goal is to impose your culture on another's culture. Examples of this negative imperialist type of travel are the travels of exploration done by Christopher Columbus' in the Americas and, American soldiers in Vietnam, depicted in Francis Coopla's film "The Apocalypse Now: Redux. " The negative effects of other forms of travel include the travels of migration to London by Caribbean's in Sam Selvon's The Lonely Londoners.
              Through travel you are provided with means to learn about a nation and to engage in foreign cultures firsthand nevertheless, some forms of travel are unconstructive towards the learning process.
              In letters written by Christopher Columbus, his accounts of the exploration of the Americas showed how travel can be negative. Columbus wrote to Argon sovereigns, Santangel and Sanchez, about his time in the Americas. Their only source of information about the nation and its culture came from Columbus' narratives and stereotypes. His letters flirted with the truth; it seemed Columbus' intentions were to make the people of the Americas appear inferior and to make conquering them sound like an easy task. Throughout his letters Columbus shows a lack of respect for the people of the Americas and their culture.
             
              In the quote, "I found innumerable people and very many islands, of which I took possession in Your Highnesses' name," Columbus neglects the fact that the islands were already inhabited by the people of the Americas. (Zamora, 3). Columbus is a good example of how some travelers do not respect the people of a nation they are visiting.
             
              Towards the end of his letter Columbus comments on a specific group of people he meets, "[T]hese of Caribe are brave, but I think the same of them as of the rest. And when Your Highness give the order for me to send slaves, I hope to bring or send [you] these for the most part," (Zamora, 8). Columbus groups all the people of the Americas together. This showed his complete disregard for the many different cultures that thrived in the Americas; Coluimbus is suggesting that the difference between the groups is insignificant. Cultural identity is an important aspect of a nation. To consider different cultures to be the same is undermining the people of the Americas ways of life.
              Columbus also took the idea of being a slave and attaches his own stereotype, that good slaves were brave. The quote alludes to the idea that the "Caribes", who are seen as brave in the eyes of the other people in the Americas, are worthy of merely good slaves, which is degrading.
             
              Christopher Columbus' letters about his travels of exploration lead people to believe that the Americas were the gateway to success. He letters focused on using narratives and stereotypes to encourage his benefactors into sponsoring him. However in the end, Columbus' travels of exploration were negative because he failed to tell the true stories behind the nations and cultures in the Americas.
              In addition, travel in the form of exploration is also shown in a dark light in the film "Apocalypse Now: Redux" by Frances Coppola. The film is based on the book The Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. The film follows the same story line as the book except for the different names for some main characters, and the incorporation of the Vietnam War. The book is about a man named Marlow, known as Captain Willard in the film, and his journey to find and return a man by the name of Kurtz. Kurtz has been in Africa for a long period of time and is said to have been affected by the "darkness" within Africa. In other words, Kurtz had not successfully integrated into the new surroundings and new culture.
             
              In the beginning, Captain Willard is assigned to return to Vietnam in order to explore the disappearance of and Green Beret Kurtz, who has abandoned his post and joined the Vietnamese. The film suggests that the United States Army felt like Kurtz had become a liability, and they needed Willard to assassinate him.
              Once Willard arrives in Vietnam he is given a group of cadets who have yet to experience the culture of Vietnam or war. As the movie progresses the cadets change significantly. The go from soldiers eager to experience a new culture to, paranoid men who begin to hold a grudge against Vietnam and the Vietnamese culture.
              It seems as though the soldiers associated their war experience with Vietnam and the Vietnamese culture. Their negative outlook on travel could have been linked to their bad experience.
             
              As for Kurtz he is a good example of how the integration of two cultures that are so different from each other can cause a person under severe circumstances to combine them and create a dangerous culture of his own. In the film the American army provided Kurtz with the knowledge to kill and the need for discipline while the Vietnamese were portrayed in the movie as savages. Kurtz incorporates aspects from both cultures and becomes God of a local tribe that participates in mass killings.
              When travel and military are put together soldiers might begin to associate travel with war. Travel will also be negative in the form of exploration when the traveler feels an obligation to be loyal to one nation and one culture. Because of this type of ideology does not allow the travel to be open-minded about a nation and its culture and experience travel in a positive way.
              Also, in the Lonely Londoners by Sam Selvon travel in a different form, migration can be negative when your race becomes an indicator of how you will be treated in a new nation. The book is about Black Caribbean's new lives after they migrate to London in search of better jobs after hearing of the opportunities in London. Galahad, a newly located Caribbean, brings up an issue when he says, "The Pole who have the restaurant, he ain't have no more right in this country than we. In fact, we is British subjects and he is only a foreigner," (Selvon, 40). A question that surfaces due to migration is who is the foreigner? When using the definition for foreigner as someone who is not white and British, Galahad and the Polish man both do not meet the criteria to be British. Travel in the form of migration can cause race to become part of a nations culture. In the Lonely Londoners the British citizens are known as white. This in turn does not allow Galahad and other Caribbeans to easily assimilate into the nation.
             
              Referring back to the beginning of the book a quote says , "When Moses sit down and pay his fare he take out a white handkerchief and blow his nose. The handkerchief turn black-" (Selvon ,23). The handkerchief represents Britain and its white 'pure' population before the migration and the handkerchief turning black is symbolism for the contamination of the population by the migration of the Caribbeans. Travel in the form of migration can cause a nation to define its culture with a race, a characteristic of culture that is bound to cause turmoil.
             
              There are situations in which tourism can be a positive form of travel. Experiencing culture of a different nation can help you come to realizations about yourself, as Stella does is How Stella Got Her Groove Back. Stella is a woman in her forties who has spent most of her life putting the needs of others first. In a spontaneous trip to Jamaica Stella learns to view life from a different perspective. Major contributors to Stella's new outlook on life are the culture of Jamaicans and Winston, a man whom she has a fling with.
              When Stella goes horseback riding through Jamaica she is in shock when she sees the homes of the Jamaicans for the first time. Stella says, "I begin to see these tiny little square structures that look like shacks. -I am in disbelief because it does not look like more than one person could actually fit inside some of these shacks-I am trying not to pass judgment, " (McMillan, 104,105). Stella goes on to compare the homes of the Jamaicans to the clubhouses her son Quincy and his friends build. To Stella the shacks are inadequate structures to call a home. But to the Jamaicans the shacks are a part of their livelihood. This is an example of how tourism helped to open Stella's eyes to Jamaican culture. Stella is reminded that the place often advertised as an escape is located right next to an area that people call home. By involving yourself in tourist options outside of the walls of your hotel you give yourself the opportunity to learn more about the culture of the nation you are visiting.
             
              Tourism is a form of travel that has the potential to teach people a lot about the cultures of other nations but, a lot of responsibility is put upon travelers in hopes that they do not allow their own way of life to clog their minds.
             
              In the end, people will continue to travel but, as long they allow narratives and misconceptions to be a part of their trips nations and their cultures will continue to be misrepresented. The negative aspects of travel are found in Columbus 'exploration of the Americas, the conquest of Vietnam in the film The Apocalypse Now: Redux, Caribbean's migration to London in The Lonely Londoners. But if travelers became more self aware perhaps more trips would be like self-defining like Stella's in How Stella Got Her Groove Back. Travel is an essential part of our lives and it will only be a positive part if we allow ourselves and our minds to be open to other nations and their cultures.
Travel Essay 
The Apocalayse Now: Redux.Dir.Fracncis Ford Coppola. Paramont Pictures,2001
McMilan, Terry. How Stella Got Her Groove Back. New York: Penguin Group, 1997.
Selvon, Sam. The Lonely Londoners.Edinburgh Gate: Pearson Education Limited,1956.
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