Essay Topics
Types of Essays
Essay Checklist
Word Counter
Readability Score
Essay Rewriter
Religion has been the core of India's tradition. A Sanskrit sloka by Valmiki in the Ramayana runs as under: There (in the hermitage of Agastya) the Devas, Yakshas, the Nagas, and the bird-like like community live together, restricting their food habit for the sake of their cultivation of religion. Religion in India has not only been a tradition of worship, it also controlled the entire community life. Valmiki says that even the tribals were obliged to regulate their food habits along with the pre-scriptions of their religion. No tribal society could have ever lived without religion. However, one exception has come to the stock of ethnographic data in social anthropology. In 1961, Fredrik Barth re-ported that among the Basseri pastoral tribal group of South Iran, there was total absence of any interest in religion. The findings of Barth produced waves in anthropology. "His surprise is caused by the fact that religion seems to loom large in the lives of most of the peo-ples described in classical anthropological studies. This may be a major reason why religion has always been a central field of inquiry in an-thropology, even if, as Evans-Pritchard (1962) has pointed out, social scientists have themselves often been indifferent or hostile to relig-ion." It is difficult to define religion. The difficulty arises because of the fact that everyone who attempts a definition becomes a victim of eth- nocentricism. He defines religion from the perspective of his own culture. The result is that there is a complete absence non-ethnocentric definition. Rituals are related to religion. Religion is a belief and ritu-als are mechanisms through which beliefs are fulfilled. If a community has a belief that floods can be controlled by worshipping evil spirits, the belief is religion and the sacrifice of a goat is a ritual. Again, if it is a belief that the Almighty resides in an idol, the offering of coconut is a ritual. It is through ritual that religion is practiced. In the western world, religion was misunderstood as superstition and paganism. The concept of paganism was associated with non-Christian religions and, in particular, their practices of public rituals which expressed aspects of the content of the religion. The concept of superstition was not largely reserved for descriptions of invisible interrelationships in the world which neither science authorized religion nor could 'commonsense' account for. From this kind of perspective, Islam and African ances-tral cults could be located in the domain of paganism, while, and say the Trobriand islanders' belief that they die because of witchcraft and the common notion in the Mediterranean region and elsewhere that some persons are possessed by the evil eye, would be expressions of supersti-tion. Traditionally, in social anthropology, religion has been defined as a form of social belief in supernatural power. This supernatural power is controlled or appeased through rituals. Indian tribes give a central place to religious beliefs. The tradi-tional tribal religion in our country has experienced the impact of some non-tribal religions also. There has been influence of Christian-ity on tribal religion apart from. Hinduism is also making its inroads. Whatever we get in the form of tribal religion is influenced by the lo-cal religions found in a particular tribal hinterland. The tribes in India have passed through a long process of evolution in their religion. Perhaps, one of the oldest definitions of religion is given by E.B. Tylor: The definition is precise and very simple. But it poses a difficult question: After all, what is supernatural? The answer to this question is related to knowledge. It is the knowledge of the people which helps define religion. Knowledge can be defined so as to include 'facts' which people are reasonably certain of and act upon, and which also have a social origin. If we accept Tylor's definition, it would be diffi-cult for us to answer the question related to supernatural. The definition, therefore, does not satisfy one fully. We can then look at the definition given by Durkheim who is considered to be the father of the sociology of religion. His argument is that what is considered supernatural by the society is supernatural. This means that the soci-ety defines the supernatural. It is from this perspective that Durkheim considers society as the god; what is sacred is religion; what is profane is not religion, that is, utilitarian only. Durkheim has distributed all the things of the world in only two categories sacred and profane. Things which are held in 'respect' are sacred and, therefore, related to supernatural. And, things which are considered to be items of utility are profane and, therefore, related to the worldly activities. Thus, sa-cred is supernatural and profane worldly. In a famous statement Durkheim claimed that "religion at its most profound level means so-ciety's worship of itself". Durkheim's understanding of religion was basically functional. It was further extended by Radcliffe-Brown and Malinowski, for whom religion was functional for social integration of the society. Mali-nowski defined religion with reference to the Australian tribes: Religion is a mode of action as well as a system of belief and a socio-logical phenomenon as well as a personal experience. Obviously, Malinowski takes a functional position. For him, re-ligion is a system which holds together different aspects of tribal life. If we analyze Tylor, Durkheim, Radcliffe-Brown and Malinowski, we find that religion is a functional part of society. Thus, the approach is functional-structural and socially integrative.
Essay Writing Checklist
The following guidelines are designed to give students a checklist to use, whether they are revising individually or as part of a peer review team.
Introduction
  • Is the main idea (i.e., the writer's opinion of the story title) stated clearly?
  • Is the introductory paragraph interesting? Does it make the reader want to keep on reading?
Body Paragraph
  • Does each body paragraph have a clear topic sentence that is related to the main idea of the essay?
  • Does each body paragraph include specific information from the text(including quoted evidence from the text, if required by the instructor)that supports the topic sentence?
  • Is there a clear plan for the order of the body paragraphs (i.e., order of importance, chronology in the story, etc.)?
  • Does each body paragraph transition smoothly to the next?
Conclusion
  • Is the main idea of the essay restated in different words?
  • Are the supporting ideas summarized succinctly and clearly?
  • Is the concluding paragraph interesting? Does it leave an impression on the reader?
Overall Essay
  • Is any important material left unsaid?
  • Is any material repetitious and unnecessary?
  • Has the writer tried to incorporate "voice" in the essay so that it has his/her distinctive mark?
  • Are there changes needed in word choice, sentence length and structure, etc.?
  • Are the quotations (if required) properly cited?
  • Has the essay been proofread for spelling, punctuation, grammar, etc.?
  • Does the essay have an interesting and appropriate title?
Religion has been the core of India's tradition - Essay
Trending Essay Topics
Explore today's trending essay topics:
Reference
Feel free to use content on this page for your website, blog or paper we only ask that you reference content back to us. Use the following code to link this page:
Terms · Privacy · Contact
Essay Topics © 2020

Religion Has Been The Core Of India's Tradition - Essay

Words: 903    Pages: 3    Paragraphs: 24    Sentences: 57    Read Time: 03:17
Highlight Text to add correction. Use an editor to spell check essay.
              Religion has been the core of India's tradition. A Sanskrit sloka by Valmiki in the Ramayana runs as under:
             
              There (in the hermitage of Agastya) the Devas, Yakshas, the Nagas, and the bird-like like community live together, restricting their food habit for the sake of their cultivation of religion.
             
              Religion in India has not only been a tradition of worship, it also controlled the entire community life. Valmiki says that even the tribals were obliged to regulate their food habits along with the pre-scriptions of their religion. No tribal society could have ever lived without religion.
             
              However, one exception has come to the stock of ethnographic data in social anthropology. In 1961, Fredrik Barth re-ported that among the Basseri pastoral tribal group of South Iran, there was total absence of any interest in religion.
             
              The findings of Barth produced waves in anthropology. "His surprise is caused by the fact that religion seems to loom large in the lives of most of the peo-ples described in classical anthropological studies.
             
              This may be a major reason why religion has always been a central field of inquiry in an-thropology, even if, as Evans-Pritchard (1962) has pointed out, social scientists have themselves often been indifferent or hostile to relig-ion. "
             
              It is difficult to define religion. The difficulty arises because of the fact that everyone who attempts a definition becomes a victim of eth- nocentricism. He defines religion from the perspective of his own culture.
             
              The result is that there is a complete absence non-ethnocentric definition. Rituals are related to religion. Religion is a belief and ritu-als are mechanisms through which beliefs are fulfilled.
             
              If a community has a belief that floods can be controlled by worshipping evil spirits, the belief is religion and the sacrifice of a goat is a ritual. Again, if it is a belief that the Almighty resides in an idol, the offering of coconut is a ritual. It is through ritual that religion is practiced.
             
              In the western world, religion was misunderstood as superstition and paganism. The concept of paganism was associated with non-Christian religions and, in particular, their practices of public rituals which expressed aspects of the content of the religion.
             
              The concept of superstition was not largely reserved for descriptions of invisible interrelationships in the world which neither science authorized religion nor could 'commonsense' account for.
             
              From this kind of perspective, Islam and African ances-tral cults could be located in the domain of paganism, while, and say the Trobriand islanders' belief that they die because of witchcraft and the common notion in the Mediterranean region and elsewhere that some persons are possessed by the evil eye, would be expressions of supersti-tion.
             
              Traditionally, in social anthropology, religion has been defined as a form of social belief in supernatural power. This supernatural power is controlled or appeased through rituals.
             
              Indian tribes give a central place to religious beliefs. The tradi-tional tribal religion in our country has experienced the impact of some non-tribal religions also. There has been influence of Christian-ity on tribal religion apart from.
             
              Hinduism is also making its inroads. Whatever we get in the form of tribal religion is influenced by the lo-cal religions found in a particular tribal hinterland. The tribes in India have passed through a long process of evolution in their religion.
             
              Perhaps, one of the oldest definitions of religion is given by E. B. Tylor:
             
              The definition is precise and very simple. But it poses a difficult question: After all, what is supernatural? The answer to this question is related to knowledge.
             
              It is the knowledge of the people which helps define religion. Knowledge can be defined so as to include 'facts' which people are reasonably certain of and act upon, and which also have a social origin.
             
              If we accept Tylor's definition, it would be diffi-cult for us to answer the question related to supernatural. The definition, therefore, does not satisfy one fully.
             
              We can then look at the definition given by Durkheim who is considered to be the father of the sociology of religion. His argument is that what is considered supernatural by the society is supernatural.
             
              This means that the soci-ety defines the supernatural. It is from this perspective that Durkheim considers society as the god; what is sacred is religion; what is profane is not religion, that is, utilitarian only. Durkheim has distributed all the things of the world in only two categories sacred and profane.
             
              Things which are held in 'respect' are sacred and, therefore, related to supernatural. And, things which are considered to be items of utility are profane and, therefore, related to the worldly activities.
             
              Thus, sa-cred is supernatural and profane worldly. In a famous statement Durkheim claimed that "religion at its most profound level means so-ciety's worship of itself".
             
              Durkheim's understanding of religion was basically functional. It was further extended by Radcliffe-Brown and Malinowski, for whom religion was functional for social integration of the society. Mali-nowski defined religion with reference to the Australian tribes:
             
              Religion is a mode of action as well as a system of belief and a socio-logical phenomenon as well as a personal experience.
             
              Obviously, Malinowski takes a functional position. For him, re-ligion is a system which holds together different aspects of tribal life. If we analyze Tylor, Durkheim, Radcliffe-Brown and Malinowski, we find that religion is a functional part of society. Thus, the approach is functional-structural and socially integrative.
Religion Essay 
+1
Tip: Use our Essay Rewriter to rewrite this essay and remove plagiarism.

Add Notes

Have suggestions, comments or ideas? Please share below. Don't forget to tag a friend or classmate.
clear
Formatting Help
Submit