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Christopher Columbus was the oldest son of Domenico Colombo and Susanna Fontanarossa. Christopher was born between August and October 1451, in Genoa, Italy. Christopher also had two younger brothers, Bartholomew and Diego. Christopher received little formal education and was a largely self-taught man, later learning to read Latin and Write Castilian. Columbus began on the sea early making his first voyage, to the Aegean Island of Chios, in 1475. One year later he survived a Shipwreck off cape St. Vincent in which he had to swim ashore. In 1477 Columbus sailed to England and Ireland with Portuguese marine, he also bought sugar in Madeira for a Genoese firm. In 1479 Christopher Married Felipa Perestello e Moniz from a impoverished noble Portuguese family. Their son, Diego was born in 1480. Felipa died in 1485, and Columbus later began a relationship with Beatriz Enriquez de Harana of Cordabo, with whom Christopher had his second son, Ferdinand. Columbus and Enriquez never married, but Columbus supported her. In the mid-1480's Christopher had become focused on his plans of discovery. His biggest dream was to find a westward route to Asia. In 1484 he had asked king John the II of Portugal to back his voyage west, but was refused. The next year he set out to Spain with his son, Diego to seek aid of Queen Elizabeth of Castile and her husband, King Ferdinand of Aragon. Even though the Spanish monarchs first rejected Christopher's request, they gave him a small annuity to live on, and he remained determend to convince them. In January of 1492 Christopher obtained the support of Elizabeth and Ferdinand, after being rejected twice. On August 3rdthefleet of three ships-Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria-Set forth from Palos, on the Tinto river in southern Spain. The first sight of land came at dawn on October 12th from the Pinta Ship. The place of the first Caribbean landfall was most likely modern, San Salvador, or Waitling Island, in the Bahamas. Thinking he has reached the east Indies, Columbus referred to the native inhabitants of the Island as "Indians," a term often used to identify indigenous people of the New World. The three ships sailed along other Bahama Islands and landed in Cuba, which Columbus falsely called Mainland of Cathay (China). There was little gold there and his exploration continued by sea to Ayti on December 6th, which Columbus renamed La Isla Espanola, or Hispaniola. He seemed to have thought Hispaniola was Japan, but in any case the land was rich in gold and other natural resources, and allowed Columbus to return to Spain in the spring of 1493 with riches enough to convince his sovereigns of his success. After a difficult journey back to Europe, Columbus paid a visit to King John II of Portugal, Which bought up suspicion that he had connections with Spain's Enemy's. After Displaying all of his treasures to the Queen and King, they were easily pursued to fund another journey. This time there were at least 17 ships and 1,300 men set sail on September 25th, 1493. A Route to Hispolniola and Navidad, the settlement he had founded there, Columbus and his fleet entered the West Indies near Dominica and proceeded past Guadeloupe and other, lesser Antilles before reaching Borinquen. Upon reaching Navidad, Columbus found the settlement destroyed and the Spanish settlers dead, victims of a strong native attack. Columbus declared himself Governor of Hispolniola, intending it to become a trading post for European settlers. After searching the Cuban coastline and the Jamaican for gold Columbus declared Hispolniola the richest source for gold and other spoils. In February 1492, 12 ships returned to Spain from La Isebela Commanded by Columbus' associate, Antonio de Torres. Under the command of Columbus Two associates led a campaign of violence against the Native inhabitance of Hispolniola, in revenge of their murdered comrades Navidad, they killed and captured many Natives, taking them as slaves. He set sail on May 9th from Cadiz on four ships, arriving at Santo Domingo on Hispaniola on June 29th. He was searching for the strait to India, but did not find it and was forced to turn back. By the end of his voyage back Columbus wasn't too healthy. He was suffering from Arthritis as well as other effects from a bout with Malaria. With a small portion of Gold from Hispaniola he lived comfortably for his last years. Columbus died in Valladolid on May 20th 1506.
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Christopher Columbus Biography
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Christopher Columbus Biography

Words: 731    Pages: 3    Paragraphs: 10    Sentences: 41    Read Time: 02:39
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              Christopher Columbus was the oldest son of Domenico Colombo and Susanna Fontanarossa. Christopher was born between August and October 1451, in Genoa, Italy. Christopher also had two younger brothers, Bartholomew and Diego. Christopher received little formal education and was a largely self-taught man, later learning to read Latin and Write Castilian.
             
              Columbus began on the sea early making his first voyage, to the Aegean Island of Chios, in 1475. One year later he survived a Shipwreck off cape St. Vincent in which he had to swim ashore. In 1477 Columbus sailed to England and Ireland with Portuguese marine, he also bought sugar in Madeira for a Genoese firm.
             
              In 1479 Christopher Married Felipa Perestello e Moniz from a impoverished noble Portuguese family. Their son, Diego was born in 1480. Felipa died in 1485, and Columbus later began a relationship with Beatriz Enriquez de Harana of Cordabo, with whom Christopher had his second son, Ferdinand. Columbus and Enriquez never married, but Columbus supported her.
             
              In the mid-1480's Christopher had become focused on his plans of discovery. His biggest dream was to find a westward route to Asia. In 1484 he had asked king John the II of Portugal to back his voyage west, but was refused. The next year he set out to Spain with his son, Diego to seek aid of Queen Elizabeth of Castile and her husband, King Ferdinand of Aragon. Even though the Spanish monarchs first rejected Christopher's request, they gave him a small annuity to live on, and he remained determend to convince them. In January of 1492 Christopher obtained the support of Elizabeth and Ferdinand, after being rejected twice.
             
              On August 3rdthefleet of three ships-Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria-Set forth from Palos, on the Tinto river in southern Spain. The first sight of land came at dawn on October 12th from the Pinta Ship. The place of the first Caribbean landfall was most likely modern, San Salvador, or Waitling Island, in the Bahamas.
             
              Thinking he has reached the east Indies, Columbus referred to the native inhabitants of the Island as "Indians," a term often used to identify indigenous people of the New World. The three ships sailed along other Bahama Islands and landed in Cuba, which Columbus falsely called Mainland of Cathay (China). There was little gold there and his exploration continued by sea to Ayti on December 6th, which Columbus renamed La Isla Espanola, or Hispaniola. He seemed to have thought Hispaniola was Japan, but in any case the land was rich in gold and other natural resources, and allowed Columbus to return to Spain in the spring of 1493 with riches enough to convince his sovereigns of his success.
             
              After a difficult journey back to Europe, Columbus paid a visit to King John II of Portugal, Which bought up suspicion that he had connections with Spain's Enemy's. After Displaying all of his treasures to the Queen and King, they were easily pursued to fund another journey. This time there were at least 17 ships and 1,300 men set sail on September 25th, 1493. A Route to Hispolniola and Navidad, the settlement he had founded there, Columbus and his fleet entered the West Indies near Dominica and proceeded past Guadeloupe and other, lesser Antilles before reaching Borinquen.
             
              Upon reaching Navidad, Columbus found the settlement destroyed and the Spanish settlers dead, victims of a strong native attack. Columbus declared himself Governor of Hispolniola, intending it to become a trading post for European settlers. After searching the Cuban coastline and the Jamaican for gold Columbus declared Hispolniola the richest source for gold and other spoils.
             
              In February 1492, 12 ships returned to Spain from La Isebela Commanded by Columbus' associate, Antonio de Torres. Under the command of Columbus Two associates led a campaign of violence against the Native inhabitance of Hispolniola, in revenge of their murdered comrades Navidad, they killed and captured many Natives, taking them as slaves.
             
              He set sail on May 9th from Cadiz on four ships, arriving at Santo Domingo on Hispaniola on June 29th. He was searching for the strait to India, but did not find it and was forced to turn back. By the end of his voyage back Columbus wasn't too healthy. He was suffering from Arthritis as well as other effects from a bout with Malaria. With a small portion of Gold from Hispaniola he lived comfortably for his last years. Columbus died in Valladolid on May 20th 1506.
Biographical Essay Christopher Columbus Essay 
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