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India is said to be a poor country, and it is not certainly so, but when one witnesses the marriage functions in India, one wonders how the citizens of a poor country can afford to spend lavishly and extravagantly. By seeing Indian marriages a foreigner can never conclude that so much pomp and show, ostentation and display, all the colorful pageantry, sumptuous feasts and dinners, all consuming tens and hundreds of thousands of rupees, can be organized by the poor people of India. Indian marriages are the glowing exercises in extravagance and wasteful expenditure necessitating resort to millions of poor parents to utter penury and pauperism. Most of the evils of Indian society can be traced to the extravagance of Indian marriages. Such waste of time, energy and resources can hardly be seen elsewhere. The entire family and the relations are mobilized months in advance to prepare for the marriage function. A salaried employee has to be on at least a month's special leave to arrange for a daughter's marriage. During preparation for marriage other vacation are disturbed, the gap between income and expenditure is widened to the extreme extent. One undergoes the compulsion of spending one's whole life's savings just within a month, the major portion of it just on one single day, the day of marriage ceremony. The extravagance starts right from the moment the parents of a girl start looking for a suitable match. In India, match-making is a very difficult task. The Indian society is divided into many communities, castes, sub-castes, gotras. With so many restrictions the alternatives at the disposal of parents of boys and girls are limited. Then arises the problem of status. Steep differences in status make the choices even more difficult. One has to incur expenditure of thousands of rupees and a lot of time and energy before one' succeeds in finalizing the choice of matches. Once contract for alliance' is struck, there begins the exercise for performing various types of rituals, formalities and ceremonies. It is to be noted here that alliances are not struck just on the basis of compatibility of the boy and the girl but on the basis of the amount of dowry agreed upon between the parents of the boy and. those of the girl. Love marriages and dowryless marriages in India are few and far between. Indian people may be poor, but they are very ambitious, at least in regard to questions of marriages of their sons and daughters. They vie with one another in spending more and more and thus trying to excel one another. It is a common experience to see the father of a boy boast of the standard of his son's marriage. He will have a strange satisfaction in beating his neighbour by spending more than the latter. In the main marriage function all bounds of economy are systematically razed to the ground and the monster of ostentation runs wild. Hundreds and thousands of people depending upon the status of the person concerned in the society. Sumptuous feasts are arranged. Dozens of costly items are included in the main dinner. People fall to it like vultures, fill their bellies, but when they leave, they leave behind heavy amounts of left-overs. Quintals of left-overs are consigned to the drains. What a waste!! If one could calculate the amount of uneaten and wasted food in all the marriages of India, one would be shocked to find that it comes to millions of tones. This wasted food could extinguish the fire of hunger of millions of people who die of starvation or are underfed. It cities electricity is wasted in ostentatious lighting arrangements; if only it could be saved, scores of industries could be provided with power thus saved. On the one hand, we are plagued with shortages; on the other, extravagant consumptions of power is mercilessly undertaken. In the marriage season streets and roads are jammed with marriage processions; liquor is consumed as a fashion. The roads and vehicles are overcrowded and give a good exercise in stamina for those who are undertaking travel for other saner purposes. Indian marriages, there is a craze for gold and golden ornaments; people drain away their resources in arranging for gold ornaments. Such a high demand for gold puts up the price of gold sky high. Since there is an intimate connection between general price level and the price of gold, inflation draws sustenance from people's craze for gold and becomes unmanageable sometimes. Yes! Indians marriages are thus awfully costly. The major portion of one's resources is spent on marriages. One has to struggle hard throughout life to propitiate this demon of marriages. If unfortunately one comes to be blessed with three, four or more daughters, one's entire. life comes to be blessed with plans and worries to mange for their marriages. People of average means cannot think of other ventures, other pursuits of life, of contributing their might to larger causes of life. Consequently, their personalities are compelled to remain stunted blocking the path to higher progress and prosperity. Life is sapped to live remain to arrange for the marriages of their wards, particularly of their daughters. While the extravagance of Indian marriages is a compulsion among the people of average and poor means, it is a necessity in advance society. The affluent and prosperous have in marriages the safest channel to dispose of their superfluous black money and black wealth through the so-called advanced society is mostly composed of corrupt officials, dishonest politicians, black-marketeers, smugglers and hoarders. The black wealth flows into their coffers and lockers with an uncontrolled rush and speed. For such people marriages are God-send occasions on which they find an opportunity to become light by disposing of their superfluous wealth. Honest payment of their taxes is not possible for them, since the major part of their wealth is ill-gotten and earned by dishonest means. The fountains of generosity and charity are rarely aflow. Investment of this wealth in industry and expansion of business is fraught with the danger of disclosure of its source inviting the investigations of tax officials. Besides this, the affluent people become used to a style of life in which extravagance and conspicuous consumption become a necessity. They become status conscious and the only means to project that status is ostentation, display and extravagant expenditure. Marriage afford good opportunities to them for this purpose. Therefore, while the average people indulge in wasteful and extravagant expenditure in marriages out of compulsion of custom and tradition, the affluent have to do so out of necessity. Both of these phenomena are unnecessary drain on the scarce resources of the Indian society. This extravagance needs to be curbed sooner than later if the poor are to be saved from pauperism and indigence, if the rich are to be saved from greed and consequences of over-prosperity and if the nation is made to avail of the much needed resources for development and regeneration of our society on the right lines. We agree with Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru that such activities are an oasis in the otherwise desert life of the poor, but it is equally true that they leave them penniless and make hell of their lives. The extravagance of Indian marriages be it poor or by the rich, is a blot on the fair name of Indian culture and its lofty values. Lagislation should be enacted and social reforms should be carried out to curb it so as to make India a progressive, progressing and a growing modern society. The earlier we could do it, the better for us and for the country.
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The Extravagant Expenditure of Indian Marriage A Necessity in Advanced Society
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The Extravagant Expenditure Of Indian Marriage A Necessity In Advanced Society

Words: 1281    Pages: 5    Paragraphs: 6    Sentences: 68    Read Time: 04:39
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              India is said to be a poor country, and it is not certainly so, but when one witnesses the marriage functions in India, one wonders how the citizens of a poor country can afford to spend lavishly and extravagantly. By seeing Indian marriages a foreigner can never conclude that so much pomp and show, ostentation and display, all the colorful pageantry, sumptuous feasts and dinners, all consuming tens and hundreds of thousands of rupees, can be organized by the poor people of India. Indian marriages are the glowing exercises in extravagance and wasteful expenditure necessitating resort to millions of poor parents to utter penury and pauperism. Most of the evils of Indian society can be traced to the extravagance of Indian marriages. Such waste of time, energy and resources can hardly be seen elsewhere. The entire family and the relations are mobilized months in advance to prepare for the marriage function. A salaried employee has to be on at least a month's special leave to arrange for a daughter's marriage. During preparation for marriage other vacation are disturbed, the gap between income and expenditure is widened to the extreme extent. One undergoes the compulsion of spending one's whole life's savings just within a month, the major portion of it just on one single day, the day of marriage ceremony.
             
              The extravagance starts right from the moment the parents of a girl start looking for a suitable match. In India, match-making is a very difficult task. The Indian society is divided into many communities, castes, sub-castes, gotras. With so many restrictions the alternatives at the disposal of parents of boys and girls are limited. Then arises the problem of status. Steep differences in status make the choices even more difficult. One has to incur expenditure of thousands of rupees and a lot of time and energy before one' succeeds in finalizing the choice of matches. Once contract for alliance' is struck, there begins the exercise for performing various types of rituals, formalities and ceremonies. It is to be noted here that alliances are not struck just on the basis of compatibility of the boy and the girl but on the basis of the amount of dowry agreed upon between the parents of the boy and. those of the girl. Love marriages and dowryless marriages in India are few and far between.
             
              Indian people may be poor, but they are very ambitious, at least in regard to questions of marriages of their sons and daughters. They vie with one another in spending more and more and thus trying to excel one another. It is a common experience to see the father of a boy boast of the standard of his son's marriage. He will have a strange satisfaction in beating his neighbour by spending more than the latter. In the main marriage function all bounds of economy are systematically razed to the ground and the monster of ostentation runs wild. Hundreds and thousands of people depending upon the status of the person concerned in the society. Sumptuous feasts are arranged. Dozens of costly items are included in the main dinner. People fall to it like vultures, fill their bellies, but when they leave, they leave behind heavy amounts of left-overs. Quintals of left-overs are consigned to the drains. What a waste! ! If one could calculate the amount of uneaten and wasted food in all the marriages of India, one would be shocked to find that it comes to millions of tones. This wasted food could extinguish the fire of hunger of millions of people who die of starvation or are underfed. It cities electricity is wasted in ostentatious lighting arrangements; if only it could be saved, scores of industries could be provided with power thus saved. On the one hand, we are plagued with shortages; on the other, extravagant consumptions of power is mercilessly undertaken. In the marriage season streets and roads are jammed with marriage processions; liquor is consumed as a fashion. The roads and vehicles are overcrowded and give a good exercise in stamina for those who are undertaking travel for other saner purposes. Indian marriages, there is a craze for gold and golden ornaments; people drain away their resources in arranging for gold ornaments. Such a high demand for gold puts up the price of gold sky high. Since there is an intimate connection between general price level and the price of gold, inflation draws sustenance from people's craze for gold and becomes unmanageable sometimes.
             
              Yes! Indians marriages are thus awfully costly. The major portion of one's resources is spent on marriages. One has to struggle hard throughout life to propitiate this demon of marriages. If unfortunately one comes to be blessed with three, four or more daughters, one's entire. life comes to be blessed with plans and worries to mange for their marriages. People of average means cannot think of other ventures, other pursuits of life, of contributing their might to larger causes of life. Consequently, their personalities are compelled to remain stunted blocking the path to higher progress and prosperity. Life is sapped to live remain to arrange for the marriages of their wards, particularly of their daughters.
             
              While the extravagance of Indian marriages is a compulsion among the people of average and poor means, it is a necessity in advance society. The affluent and prosperous have in marriages the safest channel to dispose of their superfluous black money and black wealth through the so-called advanced society is mostly composed of corrupt officials, dishonest politicians, black-marketeers, smugglers and hoarders. The black wealth flows into their coffers and lockers with an uncontrolled rush and speed. For such people marriages are God-send occasions on which they find an opportunity to become light by disposing of their superfluous wealth. Honest payment of their taxes is not possible for them, since the major part of their wealth is ill-gotten and earned by dishonest means. The fountains of generosity and charity are rarely aflow. Investment of this wealth in industry and expansion of business is fraught with the danger of disclosure of its source inviting the investigations of tax officials. Besides this, the affluent people become used to a style of life in which extravagance and conspicuous consumption become a necessity. They become status conscious and the only means to project that status is ostentation, display and extravagant expenditure. Marriage afford good opportunities to them for this purpose. Therefore, while the average people indulge in wasteful and extravagant expenditure in marriages out of compulsion of custom and tradition, the affluent have to do so out of necessity.
             
              Both of these phenomena are unnecessary drain on the scarce resources of the Indian society. This extravagance needs to be curbed sooner than later if the poor are to be saved from pauperism and indigence, if the rich are to be saved from greed and consequences of over-prosperity and if the nation is made to avail of the much needed resources for development and regeneration of our society on the right lines. We agree with Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru that such activities are an oasis in the otherwise desert life of the poor, but it is equally true that they leave them penniless and make hell of their lives. The extravagance of Indian marriages be it poor or by the rich, is a blot on the fair name of Indian culture and its lofty values. Lagislation should be enacted and social reforms should be carried out to curb it so as to make India a progressive, progressing and a growing modern society. The earlier we could do it, the better for us and for the country.
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